F. M. F. Cazin

A little known name in incandescent lamp history is that of F. M. F. Cazin. Cazin was granted a number of patents on incandescent lamps, some of which dealt with oxide coated filaments. In 1905 he self-published a book that consisted mainly of his articles that appeared in The Electrical Age in 1901. In his book, which dealt with the incandescent lamp, he questioned the contributions of different inventors relative to his own. In particular, some works of Edison and Nernst were questioned as it regarded priority.

Apparently a company was formed in Amsterdam, New York for the manufacture and marketing of Cazin incandescent lamps. The manufacture of the lamps was started but internal dissension within the company existed and operations were discontinued before any lamps were marketed.

The following information details the chapter titles in Cazin's book. Several chapters are simply revised reprints of the original articles.

The Twentieth Century Electric Light
The Cazin Lamps
Revised Reprint of the Series:
What Next in Electric Lamp Making ?
by F. M. F. Cazin

I. Origin and Nature of Light — Some Erroneous Conceptions Thereof, and the Result of Their Correct Conception (Issue of Nov 9, 1901)
II. The Theory of the Origin of Light as Practically Applied — Concentration of Heat Incidentally Considered (Issue of Nov 30, 1901)
III. The Discovery of Electrical Conductivity in Heated Oxides — The Discoverer and His Plagiarist — Rare Metal Oxides (Issue of Aug 3, 1901)
IV. The Difference in Practical Usefulness Between Common and Rare Earths as Light-Makers — The Same False Pretender to the Invention of Using to Advantage Rare Earths in Electric Lamps
V. From Jablochkoff to Cazin — An Episode in Electric Light-Making (Issue of Aug 17, 1901)
VI. As Nernst Did Not, So Thomas Edison Did Not, Invent the Utilization of Rare-Metal Oxides in Electric Lamps
VII. The Westinghouse Lamp, Falsely Called "The Nernst Lamp" (Issue of Sep 14, 1901)
VIII. The Cazin Lamp (Issue of Sep 7, 1901)
IX. The Cazin Lamp — The Electrical Lamp of the Twentieth Century — Its Evolution and the Forces Opposing It (Issue of Dec 21, 1901)

The title page of the Cazin book is shown below.

Some Incandescent Lamp Patents Issued to F.M.F. Cazin
523,460 — July 24, 1894 — Incandescent Electric Lamp
523,461— Jul 24, 1894 — Electric Incandescent Lamp
566,285 — Aug 18, 1896 — Electric Incandescent Lamp
620,640 — Mar 7, 1899 — Electric Incandescent Lamp
621,291 — Mar 14, 1899 — Electric Incandescent Lamp
621,292 — Mar 14, 1899 — Electric Incandescent Vacuum Lamp
640,366 — Jan 1, 1900 — Electric Incandescent Lamp
760,849 — May 24, 1904 — Electric Incandescing Lamp
770,222 — Sep 13, 1904 — Manufacture of Electric Incandescent Lamps
770,223 — Sep 13, 1904 — Incandescent -Lamp Bulb
772,215 — Oct 11, 1904 —Manufacturing Glowers, Luminants, and Filaments for Electric Incandescent Lamps
786,727 — Apr 4, 1905 — Apparatur for the Manufacture of Glowers for Electric Lamps
835,938 — Nov 13, 1906 — Electric Incandescent Lamp
844,778 — Feb 19, 1907 — Luminant in Electric Incandescent Lamps
874,938 — Dec 31, 1907 — Machine & Apparatus for Manufacturing Filaments for Electric Incandescent Lamp
877,171 — Jan 21, 1908 — Manufacturing Metallized Electric-Incandescent-Lamp Filaments
877,172 — Jan 21, 1908 — Producing Filaments for Electric Incandescent Lamps and the Product Thereof
877,408 — Jan 21, 1908 — Manufacture of Electric Incandescent Lamps
879,083 — Feb 11, 1908 — Electric-Incandescent-Lamp Luminant and Manufacturing It
879,084 — Feb 11, 1908 — Manufacture of Filaments in Electric Incandescent Lamps, Process and Product
879,085 — Feb 11, 1908 — Filament in Electric Incandescent Lamps and Its Manufacture

A picture of a Cazin lamp, as scanned from his book, is shown below.

Franz Cazin was born in Aachen, Germany in 1827 and emigrated to the United States in 1867. He was the eldest of ten children. In Germany Cazin apparently was a printer, bookseller and publisher. He sold his business in 1861 and built a bread factory, which failed in 1867. After Cazin came to the United States he changed his name from Franz Frederich Michael Cazin to Franz Michael Friederick Cazin. He became a mining engineer and went to Denver, Colorado in 1873, where he incorporated the Rocky Mountain Concentration Company. Apparently the Company process was described in the Engineering and Mining Journal in 1873. He also went to New Mexico where he discovered a deposit of titanium ore. In his later years he resided at 1108 Bloomfield Street, Hoboken, New Jersey.

Cazin also obtained patents in different areas. Some of these are listed below:

578,812 — Mar 16, 1897— Percussion Water-Wheel
578,813 — Mar 16, 1897 — Percussion Wheel
608,176 — Aug 2, 1898 — Penstock and Supply-Pipe
651,102 — Jun 5, 1900 — Chemicalizing Fire-Engine Annex

A limited search was made to unveil aspects of the family of Franz Cazin. Some genealogy information was found under "FamilySearch", the internet site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. By typing in only the surname, Cazin, and clicking on "exact spelling" the following information was obtained:

Father: Franciscus Friedericus Michael "Franz" Cazin — Birth/Christening: Mar 30, 1800; d. Aug 17, 1883
Mother: Gertrude De-Gavarelle — b. 1802, d. Dec 9, 1884.
The marriage of Cazin's mother and father occurred on May 18, 1823.

Children of Franciscus and Gertrude were:
Franz Frederich Michael Cazin —b. Feb 21, 1827, d. Nov 26, 1908.
Albert Joseph Cazin — b. Nov 1828
Franz Adolph Otto Cazin — b. Sep 1830
Anna Catharina Theresia Emma Cazin — b. Dec 1832
Elisabeth Henriette Felicia Cazin — b. Apr 28, 1834
Catharina Cazin — b. Oct 15, 1835
Cornelia Francisca Cazin — b. Oct 5, 1837, d. Feb 2, 1910
Johanna Henriette Clotilde F. Cazin — b. Jul 14, 1841
Anna Johanna Josepha Cazin — b. May 19, 1843, d. Apr 14, 1919
Josephina Margarethe Henriette Cazin — b. Oct 21, 1845, d. Feb 9, 1933

All the above-listed children were born in Aachen, Germany.

The oldest child, Franz Cazin, the subject of this writing, married Bertha Nasse on Jun 17, 1852. She was born on Jan 5, 1830 in Soest, Germany; she died on Nov 2, 1876.

Children of Franz and Bertha were:
Franz Alexander Karl Bernard Cazin — b. Mar 24, 1853, d. May 1936
Maria Cazin — b. 1854
Carl Wilhelm Theodor Clemens Cazin—b. Feb 17, 1856, d. Nov 13, 1930
Alexander "Alex" Cazin —b. Jul 1, 1857, d. Apr 14, 1944
Heinrich Cazin— b. 1860
Otto Franz Cornelius Cazin— b. Dec 29, 1861

All the above-listed children were born in Münster, Westphalia, Germany. Additional information can be found on the website "ancestry.com" under the name "Cazin." Cazin fathered additional children with Minna Ennigerigh, who was born in March of 1845.
These children were:
Maximillian Cazin — b. in Missouri Jan 26, 1870, d. Jan 1965
Helene Cazin — b. in Missouri in Mar 1873
Adele Cazin — b. Oct 4, 1875 in Colorado, d. Dec 15, 1966 in Florida
Otto Cazin — b. in Vermont in Sep 1882

F. M. F. Cazin passed away in Upper Montclair, New Jersey on Nov 26, 1908.

The dates given here could be in error. One should use such numbers as being approximate until a more thorough study is made.

The New Jersey Information Center at The Newark Public Library kindly supplied census data from 1900 and 1905 on the Cazin family. The Cazin family data retrieved from the FamilySearch (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) site helped greatly in determining names and dates. The write-up on "The Cazin Brothers" was kindly supplied by Adele Puccio of the Hoboken Public Library. Some of the patents numbers issued to F.M.F. Cazin were kindly supplied by the Public Documents and Patent Department, Cincinnati and Hamilton County Public Library. The Social Security Death Index also revealed data, as given above.

General References
1) "Incandescent Lamp Bulb", Electrical World and Engineer, Vol XLIV, No 13, Sep 24, 1904, pg 534.
2) "Cazin Metallic-Filament Incandescent-Lamp Patents", Electrical World and Engineer, Vol LI, No 5, Feb 1, 1908, pg 220.
3) "Cazin Metallic-Filament Lamps", Electrical World and Engineer, Vol LI, No 9, Feb 29, 1908, pg 421.
4) Catalogue of Scientific Papers (1893-1899), Compiled by the Royal Society of London, Scarecrow Reprint Corp., Metuchen, NJ, 1968.

"Resistance to Ship's Motion: A Natural Law Newly Discovered", Journal of the Franklin Institute, Vol 135,1893, pp 200-216, 299-310, 364-374.
"Shortening the Time for Correct Sounding", Journal of the Franklin Institute, Vol 138, 1894, pp 70-77.
"Solids Falling in a Medium, I. Their Incipient and Maximal Velocities. A Study for Ore-Concentrators, II. A Critical Examination of the Theory and Method Applied by Rittinger, and the Resulting Formulas", Amer. Inst. Min. Engin. Trans., Vol 24, 1895, pp 80-100, 339-351.
"Old and New Methods Applied in Planning Pipe-Lines and Penstocks", Journal of the Franklin Institute, Vol 146, 1898, pp 177-192, 280-293; Vol 147, 1899, pp 71-72.

5) General Alphabetical and Analytical Index of the Trans. of the Am. Institute of Mining Engineers, 1871-1904.
F.M.F. Cazin: Solids Falling in a Medium — I, xxiv [xix], pg 80; II, xxiv [xxxvii], pg 339; remarks in discussion of Prof. Posepny's paper on the genesis of ore-deposits, xxiii, pg 604; xxiv, pg 995; on copper ores of New Mexico, xxiii, pg 316; of preparation of small sizes of anthracite, xx, pg 621.
Cazin bucket for water-wheels, xxix, pg 866, 867, 883, 887.
6) "The Cazin Brothers", author unknown (perhaps a librarian at the Hoboken Public Library wrote this paper), Nov 25, 1986, 8 pages. This write-up gives information mainly on the children of Franz Cazin. Much of the information was obtained from living family members in 1986.